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Investing Glossary - F

    Face Value

    Face Value - The face value is a securities nominal dollar value assigned by the issuer. If it is a equity security, face value is generally a tiny amount that bears no relationship of any kind to its market price, except when they are preferred stock, which in this case, the face value is used when calculating dividend payments. On a debt security, face value is the value repaid to an investor when the bond matures with corporate bonds having a face value of one thousand, federal bonds around ten thousand, and municipal bonds around five thousand dollars. In secondary...

    Factor Portfolio

    Factor portfolio- Is in the set of several stocks that have different risks, and or interest rates. These have different degrees of risks and exposure of many different types of markets. Economic factors are the biggest of the factors in changes to the market, fluctuations in interest rates and there behavior to the influencing factors of the markets. A person should chose wisely in picking stocks in a way that one stock may be affected but the other stocks in this person portfolio stays strong and is not weakened by to many changing factors. Many Factor portfolios have long and...

    Fair Credit Billing Act

    Fair Credit Billing Act? - This is a law passed by the federal government that covers the practices of credit accounts. Such accounts would be the one that provide what is called “open end” types of accounts. These would be such as revolving charge accounts or credit cards. The purpose of the act is to provide protection to consumers for things that billed wrong on their accounts. It covers all the aspects of the way the bills are to be handled by the creditors and outlines the means a customer can use in order to resolve such discrepancies. Such assistance...

    Fair Price

    Fair Price - A fair price or a fair value pertains to the a given good or service that has been determined by a reasonable and non-prejudicial means. This idea is one that is used by financial and economic related areas. And such a price will include various aspects of an item or service. This can involve the cost for things like distribution or other matter related to the product. Also factored into this information as the need for the product verses its availability. The purpose of establishing this price is to be sure it can be used for determining...

    Fall Out Of Bed

    Fall out of bed- Is when there is a sharp drop or decline in the stocks price. This normally happens when there is bad news or disappointing corporate or company news that is responsible for holdings of that stock. The news could be anything ranging from a failed merger attempt, to union talks breaking down, deals that were made fall apart to even a very weak quarterly report issued by the company to its stockholders and to the press. This is normally a chain reaction to these events and or the actions taken by the corporation or company with in...

    False Breakout

    False breakout- May also be called a Hikkake Pattern, its meaning is to trick or into ensnare investors or cause attention. It is a situation when in technical analysis of a security's price crosses a resistance level or stage but then re-crosses that level or stage and returns where it was before the move. It is a common practice in which a company tries to show a breakout behaviors to encourage investors to invest in this company or corporation this also has a short period of time when this is pattern happens as is also known as a one day...

    Family of Funds

    Family of Funds - A family of funds is a mutual fund offering by a specific company that features many mutual funds, involving various objectives. Normally, investors can move their assets between different funds within a specific family unit. Moving these funds has no cost or nominal costs and they can receive a single statement describing what their holdings are within a specific family of funds. These are also called mutual fund family or fund family. Family funds provide the investor with one-stop shopping for their investment activities, plus the opportunity to make money transfers, fund exchanges within the family...

    Fannie Mae

    Fannie Mae- Is a common and very popular name or nickname to describe the US Federal National Mortgage Association. Also know as the FNMA Fannie Mae is a publicly owned corporation that has government support. This corporation was chartered in 1938 to purchase mortgages from lenders and resell them to the public at large. The Fannie Mae Corporation is mostly package mortgages that have being backed by the Federal Housing Administration. They also sell some nongovernmental backed mortgages and package mortgages. The shares of Federal National Mortgage Association itself, known as Fannie Mae's, are traded on the New York Stock...

    Fast Market

    Fast Market- Is when the financial markets are experiencing a higher than normal trading volume and in tern also can increased the volatility. When the fast markets happen so dose the volatility which means the fluctuations in the stocks or shares are greater than when they are trading at a normal or lower rate as the price rarely changes but as the standard deviation of the daily change in price moves more rapidly. The volume of trade and of what they are trading bonds, stocks and or shares can also increases and deceases as the day of trading continues in...

    Feasible Portfolio

    Feasible portfolio - A feasible portfolio is a possible set of investments, which are chosen from available alternatives from within a set limited of an investor?s investment objectives, risk tolerances, and capital resources. Every feasible portfolio comes with its own set of rewards and risks profile, and is not really an efficient or balance portfolio. An investor has the opportunity to choose between multiple feasible portfolios. Managing a portfolio is about weaknesses, strengths, and opportunities, so there are trade offs no matter what type of portfolio you, as an investor, decide to manage. It is all about risk balancing and...

    Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC)

    Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (FHLMC) - Is commonly known as the Freddie Mac. The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation is a government-chartered corporation in which they buy qualified mortgage loans from any of the financial institutions that have originate the loans. The financial institutions are then securitizes for the loans given, and distributes. The securities made by the financial institution go through the dealer of the community who may buy or sell. The securities are never backed by the Government of the United States. The market value of these within the financial institution the securities may or may not...

    Federal National Mortgage Association

    Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA- Is more commonly known as Fannie Mae. This corporation was chartered in 1938 to purchase mortgages from lenders to help resell them to the public at large and to investors. A government and chartered corporation partnership which buys mortgages from the secondary markets, in which they in tern pools them together and sells them as a mortgage backed security to investors on the open market. A monthly principal and different interest payments are guaranteed by the Federal National Mortgage Association but not by the Government of the Untied States of America. The association also sells...

    Federal Register

    Federal Register? - The federal register is a department of the federal government. It provides access to all pertinent information about the actions related to all branches of the government. One can access their vast resources either on line or through obtaining the same data in print from them. This office allows individuals the chance to go to one location to search for the information they need. It will also allow a person to check for any recent or relevant changes in such information. Said information is provided in a way that allows the individual an easy way to find...

    Federal Taxes

    Definition: These are taxes that you pay to the federal government that are used for federal programs like defense and education. TeenAnalyst Advice: Nobody likes paying taxes; but they're necessary for the country to operate.  The nice thing about federal taxes is that it's not too hard to get a refund on what you had withheld from your paychecks.When you fill out your 1040, you'll have to attach another sheet with information about your investments (if you have any).  You'll have to pay taxes on your dividends and capital gains, unless they're in a tax-sheltered investment vehicle.  ...

    Federation Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs

    Federation Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs FIBV- They are the organization of the world's stock markets there headquartered are located in Paris, France. Federation Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs does encourages cooperative policies that are designed to stimulate a free flow of capital gain across national boundaries and countries. They mostly stick to the European stock exchange. They at as the police of the European stock markets and monitor the movements of free flow of capital. They also work on the companies and corporations' policies and making sure everything is moving as it should thought the markets and thought the...

    Fee-based Financial Planning

    Fee-based Financial Planning – This involved any service that offers financial planning for a given flat fee or hourly basis. Such services are in contrast to those who would charge a commission for their advice. That form or financial planning is more appealing should it provide a possible major profitable benefit to their services. With the fee based service there eliminates the chance later for any concerns over conflicts over personal interests. This is a factor that gives those seeking such services a reason to be appealing to a variety of companies that have chosen to seek such types of...

    Feeder Fund

    Feeder Fund - A feeder fund is a fund where an investor invests only through another fund, which is known as a master fund. The shares are sold to any investor through the feeder fund, but are only invested back through the master fund. These funds conduct the majority of their investing through another fund. Sometimes onshore feeder funds will be happy to invest in offshore master funds, as this foreign master fund provides additional tax advantages for many domestic investors. This is a great way to invest and get a great yield on your return if the master fund...

    Fill or Kill

    Definition: A type of stock order that requires the broker to fill the order right away or not at all. TeenAnalyst Advice: Investors place this order if they want their order filled right away, for whatever reason.  If the order can't be filled immediately, the broker is given instructions to cancel the trade and the investor won't receive the stock.This type of trade is quite uncommon.  ...

    Financial Flows

    Financial Flows- It is also can be known as a cash flow. But it is primarily used to measure a financial company's health and status. As it many refers to the movement of cash moving in and out of a company and were it is begin used. The movements are tracked by the cash receipts minus any of the cash payments that are being made over a given period of time or a set period of time made by that company. Also a financial flow also tracks any securities begin use add or removed during that period of time also. ...

    Financial industry regulatory Authority FINRA

    Financial industry regulatory Authority FINRA - Is self-regulatory organization that was founded in 2007 by a merger between the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) and the New York Stock Exchange Regulation Incorporated. In which took on all responsibilities that were previously handled by the NASD. The company is responsible for the operation and regulations of the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations stock market and all of the over-the-counter markets. FINRA investigates complaints against members of various firms and tries to ensure that all of its members are adhering to both its own standards and those laid out by...

    Financial Instrument

    Financial Instrument - A financial instrument is a virtual or real document, which represents a legally binding agreement involving some monetary value. Financial instruments in today?s financial marketplace may be generally classified as equity based to represent the ownership of an asset, or debt based to represent a loan made by an owner of an asset or an investor. Yet, foreign exchange instruments are again another unique example of an instrument, which exists on today?s stock exchanges and there are different classifications, or subcategories, for each type that exits such as common share equity, or preferred share equity, etc....

    Financial Public Relations

    Financial Public Relations? - This is a form of public relations that deals with the firms of the investor community. They will specialize in all facets of a given firm’s public relations needs. It is their purpose to be sure the company in question has an image that is favorable to their clients and also generates a favorable environment in the community. They will also be sure such image and its many aspects will be in the compliance with the Security and Exchange Commission’s requirements that the set forth. This often means that those involved with this type of function...

    Financial Service Authority ( FSA)

    Financial service authority ( FSA) - It is an independently owned agency that is similar to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) in the United States of America. It controls the actions and regulates the financial service industry in the United Kingdom. The Financial service authority was formed in 1986 to act as a variety for the regulatory power and to delegate to a company or corporation under the Financial Services Act which was also written in 1986. This Authority was created more toward the protection of its investors from unfair or unethical practices that may be conducted in the...

    Financial Supermarket

    Financial Supermarket- It is a financial services company that can make an offer in a wide range of investment products and service to investors. A financial service company could be a known as a bank, credit union or a finance company when many options are add that a person could access them in tern becomes a financial supermarket. When a company is considered a financial supermarket it could offer stocks, and or other types of securities, bonds and or mutual funds are a few examples. As well they can offer real estate investments and also perhaps insurance products could be...

    Finder's Fee

    Finder's Fee ?- A finder’s fee is one paid to a person who locates a buyer for something being sold. This is often related to things such as real estate. Such finders may also be involved with all the various means of communication needed to handle locating a prospective buyer. As a rule the fee paid to the person will be based on a calculated percentage of the transaction. Another type of finder’s fee is the referral fee paid to license real estate agents or mortgage brokers who perform the same service. The amount of this fee is typically between...

    Fine Paper

    Fine Paper- It is when a type of securities is basically a risk free investment. Fine Paper can be part or all of a bond, futures, and mutual funds options and or stocks are just some of the options a financial service advisor can make to wards an investor. The fees and expenses in these types of investments are usually low due to the rate and the turnover rate is more beneficial to the investor. The turnover can be low also compared to the higher risk investments a investor can make it is there option to stay safe or not....

    Finished Goods

    Finished Goods?- Finished goods are those that a manufacturer or processed have completed and thus have all their actual possible value. They are thus ready for sale or delivery to prospective customers. And the manufacturer of the products will kept them in their inventory of goods or any place they are stored until they are actually sold. Thus they are goods that can be shipped as ordered without any additional production required. This is normally applicable to a wide variety of businesses that manufacture any number of such goods. It is part of their function to keep such finished goods...

    Firm Price

    Firm Price - A firm price is on that is set by the seller and not subject to negotiation. It is the amount they will expect from what is being sold and will not agree to any possible change. This term can apply to a wide variety of things that are being sold. It will totally be up to the seller when this is the kind of price they establish. This would normally be something spelled out by the seller up front. And for the possible buyer it will let them know that no possible discounts will apply to such...

    First-Mover Advantage

    First-Mover Advantage – This term applies to the first company of significant impact who moves on a new market. There maybe some other company who was there first, but did not have a major influence. This is most often related to business involved with the internet. And the one with the advantage will be the one that has succeed in their control or domination over the given market where others didn’t achieve that effect. And basically this does carry certain advantages in terms of market share. However, sometimes other companies come into the market with options that end said benefits....

    First Preferred Stock

    First Preferred Stock- It is when a stock takes precedence over other types of stocks. This type of stock is more a higher ranking stock than a common stock also the terms are negotiated between the investor and the company and or corporation with the regards to the dividends and or the assets that concern these stocks. These types of stocks carry no voting rights but carry a priority over a common stock holder. With a first preferred stock the holders are paid out first after the debt holder in the matters of bankruptcy as these are stated in the...

    Fiscal Year

    Definition: The 12-month period used for accounting purposes within companies.  It doesn't necessarily begin on January 1st. TeenAnalyst Advice: A company has the ability to determine when they want their accounting year to end.  Companies typically use the end of their strongest quarter as their fiscal year end.  At this time, the books are closed and all profits and losses are calculated.The reason companies try to end on their strongest quarter is because if their numbers are lackluster during the rest of the year, they can still "pull out a good year" by ending well.Many fiscal years end December 31st.  However,...

    Fitch Ratings

    Fitch Ratings- it is a type of rating company there locations are New York, United States, London England, and Paris France which was established in 2008. They have issued ratings for 1,600 companies, corporations and financial instructions. This agency is one the three companies that does credit ratings one of the is the National Recognized Statistical Rating Organization and the other in the Standard and Poor's company they use a set of standards to determine if the company is poor or successful. They also rate many insurance companies (800), structured financings (3,300), and Municipal bonds (17,000) by using set standards....

    Fitch Sheets

    Fitch sheets- They are issued by Mr. Francis Emory Fitch, Inc they are the reports and are compiled on a daily basis. They are then stored away in a massive data bank to show trends in the stock market for future assessment they have records going back as far as 1968. They are always placed in chronological order on the sheet of a list of that days or security trades or trading that is presently on going. They hold important information about a security as in the price it is trading, the volume it is moving and how many transaction...

    Five-Star

    Definition: The highest score available in Morningstar's popular star rating system.Advice: Morningstar is a widely-respected independent research company and its star system is largely synonymous with the mutual fund industry.  Five-star funds are considered to be those that generate superior risk-adjusted returns.  Studies have shown that gaining a five-star ranking leads to more people investing in the fund, so mutual funds try to improve their rankings.Morningstar also uses this system to rate more than 1,600 stocks.  ...

    Fixed Budget

    Fixed Budget? - A fixed budget is one used by a company that has no allowances for possible changes in their budgetary needs. This is practical where a company has some reasonable control over any possible expenses. And can forecast with some degree off accuracy what their potential costs may be for a given period. However, this means normally doesn’t have much success when the company has too many variables in its future expenses that can’t be predicted. In such cases any type of fixed budget would not serve as a realistic fiscal plan for that given company for its...

    Fixed Income

    Fixed Income- Is when any type of investment that pays a fixed interest rate such as a bond, money market instrument, pension or a first preferred stock option. Also when the investment is cashed out by the investor, they will already know how much they are receiving as these are known as a constant and safe investment. Fixed income could also mean and applied to a person's personal income, as an income may not vary for each pay week. Pensions are commonly call a fixed income as they are dependent on their pensions as their main source of income is...

    Fixed Income Equivalent

    Fixed income equivalent- It is when a convertible security such as a bond or stock is used in the market place that the turn over would be so low that the investor would know the out come as of there investment a if it was a fixed income investment. Many of these types of investment are preferable during times of low market trading but have no worth during high trading as there interest is normally fixed. When an investor places there money into a security option they already know how much the security may generate as the amount or the...

    Fixed Income Fund

    Fixed Income Fund - A fixed income fund is a fund who invests only in income securities that are fixed like bonds and certificates of deposit. These funds are reliable with a limit the sum of risk the investor assumes, although they may mean they receive a lesser return on their investment when if it had of been a riskier fund, they could have received more return on their investment. Fixed income investments security investors often move their securities from higher yielding bond to a lesser yielding bond if they believe the yield spread is between the two bonds is...

    Fixed Investment Trust

    Fixed investment trust- It is when a Securities and Exchange Commission registered an investment company or corporation that may purchases one or more fixed or unmanaged portfolios. These investments can be soled to investors for producing an income security by selling or trading shares in the trust. The one major difference that this type of investment dose compared to a mutual fund it that a mutual fund it managed regularly and a fixed investment trust is not managed at all. This is also one of the trusts that are generally tax free and are considered to be a low risk,...

    Fixed Maturity Plan

    Fixed Maturity Plan - A fixed maturity plan is also known as a FMP. This is a close-ended fund that invests in money market instruments and debt that has the same maturity date, as the stated maturity date in the plan. The main focus of the fixed maturity plan is to guarantee a steady stream on income using interest payments. These payments are provided while exposing the investor to a risk level that is much lower than other investment plans. These are considered to be long-term investments that reap a yield which is expressed as an annual rate....

    Flat Rate

    Flat Rate? - This is a rate of charge for services that is set at one flat charge. It doesn’t change or have extra costs added later. Such charges often relate to any service where the product offered doesn’t have a limited usage. The phone service, for example, may offer one set rate for certain parts of its services. Likewise those companies offering internet services often only charge one single fee for their use. This often makes the use of such services more appealing since you can depend upon one single rate no matter how much they use the service. ...

    Flat Scale

    Flat Scale ?- A flat scale is the minimal difference in bonds between short and long term yields. This is in relationship to their potential maturity ranges. A flat scale can also apply to some unchangeable factor as a flat pay scale. This would apply to any work being done that stay at the same fee regardless of the amount of work Such would apply to things like a salary position. And it is something that allows for factoring in a specific cost for the use of any particular labor. With the added benefit that in the event the work...

    Flexible Mutual Fund

    Flexible Mutual Fund - A flexible mutual fund is a mutual fund that enables capital to be invested or re-invested as a financial professional, financial advisor, deems reasonable. Flexible mutual funds have no restrictions on how much money can be used or where the money is allowed to be invested. The client generally just turns the asset allocation over to the financial manager of the fund who invests in these flexible mutual funds to attempt to capitalize on the uncontrollable and ever changing stock market?s conditions. These managers obtain much of their information from financial analysts....

    Floating Supply

    Floating supply- Is when there is an available supply of shares and stock that can be purchased by any an investor or a corporation. There are usually a high number of shares or security options that are available due to an outstanding amount and can be traded to investors at any given time. Also you can find the ?blue list? it is a type of publication that list the available and the supply of municipal bonds, stock and shares in this daily financial publication. Also a floating supply may also relate to the number of transactions that are being made...

    Floor Official

    Floor Official- Is the persons who are individual employed by the Securities and Exchanges Commission (SEC) to act as an objective member of the trades being made. There job is to walk the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and monitors the transactions between the stock traders and the markets while working the floor. They are easy found due to the bright color of the jackets they wear with there identification on such jackets. Any shading observations made while trading is going on are then reported to the Securities and Exchange Commission who then further investigates all claims....

    Floor Trader

    Definition: People or firms who have memberships to a stock exchange are allowed to be on the floor to buy and sell stocks.  The people you see running around buying and selling stocks are called "floor traders."  These memberships can upwards of $1 million for a "seat" on the exchange. TeenAnalyst Advice: Floor traders have high-intensity, high-risk, and high-stress jobs.  They're responsible for executing all of the large orders from their firm.  These aren't usually small trades, either.  It's not unusual for floor brokers to buy or sell 50,000 shares at a time.   ...

    Flow of Funds

    Flow of Funds - The flow of funds is used in conjunction with municipal bonds and usually is a statement that focuses on the priorities in which the generated revenue from the bond will be used. Normally, the flow of funds travels from maintenance and operations to bond debt servicing to facility expansions to savings for the prepayment of the debt. When investing in mutual funds on the stock market or stock exchange, this means the movement of money in to or out of mutual funds available on the stock market or stock exchange....

    Focused Fund

    Focused Fund - A focused fund is a specific mutual fund that holds a bigger position in a small, limited number of stocks. In the majority of cases, mutual funds generally hold about one hundred to two hundred positions, yet a focused fund normally will only hold around ten to thirty positions in a stock portfolio. These focused funds represent quality over quantity, and therefore the investor would rather hold just a few limited stocks that the investor has the most confidence in, as opposed to diversifying using a large number of stock holdings. The theory here is that this...

    Follow on

    Follow on- Is known as an offering of shares after the company or corporation has done its initial public offerings to potently future investors. The initial public offering is the first sale of the stock being offered by a company or corporation to the public at large. After the initial public offering the follow on offering are usually one of two options or a mix of both which are dilutive or non-dilutive offerings. These offering can be a mix of securities that can be offered the company or by the corporation that holds the stock to increases there public worth....

    Forced Conversion

    Forced Conversion- It is an action that may be taken in the recalling of a convertible security against the holder of that security. The convertible security can be a bond preferred stock, and or a debenture that can be exchangeable at the options of the investor. The forced conversion is normally undertaken when the price of the security is well above the conversion price or the common stock that the security normally holds the resulting transaction can strengthen the company or corporations balance sheet. These are not as common as going from a preferred to a common in turns also...

    Foreign Exchange (FOREX)

    Definition: The foreign exchange market is a 24-hour-a-day market where currencies are traded.Advice: The FOREX ("FX") market is used by companies in nearly every country in the world.  In order to convert their currencies from country to country, they may make currency trades on the FOREX market.  They also may hedge against currency fluctuations.  Currency trading is also popular among speculators who try to predict exchange rate movements.  ...

    Forward Integration

    Forward Integration – Forward integration is a term that applies a business expanding their services or products. And to do so in a way that gives the business control in a direct way over the distribution of said products. This is where the company chooses to bypass any possible options in distribution so it can do it directly with the customers of its products. Such as should the choice to take goods directly to the retailer rather than go through some distribution center. And that is where there is possible savings related to such changes that make it a good...

    Forward P/E

    Definition: The forward P/E is a form of the P/E ratio.  The forward P/E is calculated by taking the current price of the stock and dividing it by the forecasted year end earnings.  This is used for valuation purposes. TeenAnalyst Advice: The forward P/E is looked at by investors to determine what a "fair" price for the stock is.  If you look up a company's P/E ratio, they'll give you the trailing ratio based on last year's number.  The forward ratio takes this year's earnings into consideration.For example, a $30 stock might look overvalued at 30 times last year's earnings.  But...

    Forward Pricing

    Forward pricing- Is one the requirements made by the Securities and Exchange Commission towards company's and or corporations. The requirement is that an open-end investment companies or corporation set their share price are based on what the net asset value and act as a base for all incoming buying and selling of orders and securities on the subsequent net asset value that the security could reach. It is also known as the forward rate is normally agreed upon in price of the asset in question in a forward contract the terms are normally used to spot the price and any...

    Fractional Share

    Fractional Share- It is used when the less than a single stock or share are being held by an investor or an investment company. A fractional of the shares is often the result from the stock splits and the stock dividends are in similar actions. When the fractional share is either paid out in cash or can be credited to an investor holding a dividend reinvestment plan. Also it is used to state a share is sold by a holder and a fraction of the sales buy the holder can be used to enjoy the priorities and the privileges of...

    Franchised Monopoly

    Franchised Monopoly – This is a monopoly that is authorized by the government. The reason for allowing such a monopoly can be because the product or service involved may not support more than one company. Such is often when there is a large or vast nature to the economic scale of this product that the demand requires only one producer for the sake of efficiency. Such can also be relevant when a patent is involved. Which is one means used to implement such monopolies. However, it can apply to any product that there is only an adequate market for a...

    Free Float

    Free Float - Free Float is a non-committal decision on the part of a public corporation in the public trading of stock security. The company has not made the decision through a decision of finality. The decision to trade additional stock security is the sole discretion of the corporate board. Trading additional stock security will be an assessment for a later date. The ability of a corporation to express movement and, not bound by the government laws, rules and, restrictions. Held shares made available to the investing public at the discretion of the holder of the stock shares at a...

    Free On Board

    Free On Board – Free on board, or FOB, is a phrase that applies to shipping. It is here the shipper pays for any shipping costs. This often includes any possible insurance costs. Such costs will often cover the delivery from the manufacturer to a given point where buyer will take possession of goods. At that designated point the buyer becomes responsible for the goods. Such costs being paid for by the shipper is normally something where the shipper finds it in his or her best interests to exercise such an alternative. And it does cover possible problems during the...

    Free Right of Exchange

    Free Right of Exchange - Free Right of Exchange initiated to assist in the donation and gift giving of stock security. Individuals who would like to make a charitable donation to a favorite charity offering a few shares of stock can. This provides a shelter by offering you permission to avoid any capital gains tax on the asset of your choice. By offering a stock donation, the sale is cause to be non-taxable, as the sale is not a taxable sale. Investors interested are able to trade large quantities of a single issued stock for diversification in the stock portfolio...

    Friends and Family Offering

    Friends and Family Offering - Friends and Family Offering is the recruitment of as many family members when a new company or corporation has begun to operate. By having those closest being the early investors, this helps to build up a cash flow to float the new company through the lean times ahead. It is important to keep the stock transaction simple. Offer up for transaction sale, common stock, as these are the simplest to buy trade and sell. Keeping the capitalization structure as simple as possible is what is best for your new company. Some family members may end...

    Fringe Benefits

    Fringe Benefits? - These are benefits paid to employees beyond their wages. Such benefits are not required and therefore at the discretion of the employer. This can involve things like paid vacations or sick days. For executives of a given corporation these benefits may extend to any number of additional lucrative options. That will be totally depended upon the corporation as to what it considers as it persons practices with regards to the benefits they offer as part of their benefits to their employees. Such options are often used as incentive in terms of supplementing what they offer in terms...

    Front Money

    Front Money – This is money paid in advance as in a deposit for goods or services. It may be required by the producer to ensue the person actually intends to receive the goods. And it can also apply to cash required in order to begin some financial project. This can apply to things like purchasing plans and studies, a site, or obtaining any necessary permits. It can also apply to any type of loan commitment. All of these in one way or another fall under the category of front money. And that is something many who start some business...

    Front Office

    Front Office? - This term refers to the department in any financial services firm that is used by the financial and sales personnel. This front office is the name given for where the corporation’s revenues are created. As a rule the financial service normally divide their functions into three distinct groups. These will include the financial and sales departments as the front office. Then the function of middle management as well as IT services will be its own area. And finally the area called the back office at times is for the administrative and their various support services. ...

    Fulfillment

    Fulfillment - ?Fulfillment is related to the process and completion of orders. It involves the process, which results in a given client’s order actually being fulfilled. This may include any aspects of distribution necessary to complete the process. Therefore it may involve the center where all orders are eventually completed. And thus the order has been satisfied in accordance to the customer’s request. Such a system will be the one that properly ensures that all given orders are satisfied in accordance with whatever order was actually received. Thus it means the requirements for actual delivery to the customer. ...

    Full Lot Stock

    Full Lot - Full Lot is a term utilized by many stock security investors when they are in the production of buying and selling or trading their stock security. The number of units of stock security does vary some. However, the normal rule of thumb is one hundred stock security shares at a time. When it is bonds bought or sold, only five bonds at a time sold or traded at any one given time. The Securities and Exchange Commission established the rule years ago as a safeguard mechanism. This stock security exchanges also known as a trading unit or...

    Full Ratchet

    Full Ratchet - Full Ratchet is the anti-dilution, or the strength and intensity for all shares of common stock, not for preferred stock, sold by a corporation after issuing a convertible security. Convertible security is only an option and applies to the lowest point of sale price. It is the adjusted option price for existing shareholders of the corporation. It is a mathematical statistic to provide an individual invested holder of stock to increase the amount of shares held at any one time. It is an opportunity for a shareholder to double the amount of stock held while the price...

    Full Stock

    Full Stock - Full Stock is a stock that can be a common stock security or preferred stock security. These stock securities have traded on the stock market successfully. Stock securities have issued with a zero par value at the start of the trading day. The value price fluctuation in preferred stock or in common stock is pre-determined through tax accounting measures that were pre-set utilizing simple accounting measures. The Stock security does not have a zero balance at the opening bell. It is zero when purchased direct from the issuing company. In general it begins trading at one hundred...

    Fully Diluted Earnings per Share

    Fully Diluted Earnings per Share - Fully diluted earnings per share is a term used to define the smallest amount of earnings per share. The formula to compute this is by taking the smallest figure earnings per common share and computing earnings per share. This will give you a way to see the earnings measured on a per share basis. The Security and Exchange Commission adopted this law in 1998 to make companies report their earnings on all levels. This does not count convertible stock securities, stock options, or warrants. All corporations today must fully disclose this information to...

    Fully Invested

    Fully Invested - Fully invested represents a more personal level. It involves the individual more than it does a company or corporation. The investor has over abundance of confidence in the economic standing representing the stock market. The portfolio is fully stacked with diverse stock, as all expendable liquid assets invested. This is a risky move though; all investment could be in jeopardy when the market falls. The portfolio filled with cash or cash equivalent invested into the stock market is a commitment that not many stock investors would consider. The individual investor is betting the market prices will continue...

    Fully Valued

    Fully Valued - Fully valued is the tracking of a particular stock security investment following it to its natural conclusion. When the stock price has reached its peak maturity based on market value it is difficult to know if that stock security will continue going up or begin to come down. The company holder of the stock asset knows this is the corporation's fundamental earnings power and recognizing when it is time to hold or sell the stock option. A plateau based on the performance of a company's earnings. If the stock security goes up after reaching the plateau point...

    Functional

    Functional – The term functional relates to the capacity of a product or service to actually perform as expected. This can require certain systems or means in order to be sure it meets a standard that qualifies as functional. And said standard is one that will have to be understood nor only by the person actually producing the service, but also by those who use said services. Therefore it is of no advantage to any given party should the item end up not actually performing as expected. Should it require constant adjustments to work then the term normally will not...

    Fund Administration

    Fund Administration - The fund administration is the tasks and activities that are required to fun a hedge fund, a mutual fund, or any other type of investment that involves pooling of resources. Some of the examples one could include in fund administration might be the maintenance of the fund?s books, calculations for the performance of the fund, compiling and preparations of the fund?s financial statements, and fund asset management fees, as fund administration is not similar or the same as asset management. The fund manager is responsible for overseeing the fund?s investing strategy, as well as managing the trading...

    Fundamentals

    Fundamentals? - Fundamentals are the information of both a quality and quantity level that in some way contribute to the assessment of a given company’s financial aspects. This can also apply to both currency and securities. In order to get a clear picture of how the fundamentals apply with a given firm the assets of that company will normally be subject to scrutiny by some form of analysis. This is to ascertain an estimated assessment of the assets in order to determine if they are really regarded as a worthwhile investment. Such is achieve by whatever process is needed to...

    Fund Balance

    Fund Balance? - A fund balance is the value of a given organization?s funds from a quarter?s earnings. It is defined by reviewing the revenue a fund generates in a given period to see if it has either exceeded or is less than its expenditures. Included in this accounting will be a balance sheet reflecting all the assets and liabilities. The purpose of a fund balance is to assist those who manage the fund with the necessary facts so they can plan their budget changes for the following quarter of operation. It is intended as a tool to aid the...

    Fund Family

    Fund Family? - This term refers to a company that specializes in offering mutual funds of different types. They make available a variety so that those who acquire them can alternate their forms of investments. It allows a person to make changes in their choices of funds without a large fee for making such transfers. By utilizing the services of one particular fund family company the individual will enjoy the benefit of a single report regarding their portfolios. Such accounts will give all the pertinent details about the acquisitions in a way that makes monitoring the changes in their assets...

    Fund Manager

    Definition: The fund manager (also known as the "portfolio manager") is a person who manages a mutual fund.  They're responsible for deciding what stocks and bonds to purchase and how much to purchase.  They typically have a team of analysts advising them and analyzing the fund's holdings. TeenAnalyst Advice: I usually don't put too much emphasis on the fund manager when picking mutual funds.  It's important to have an ethical manager with a considerable amount of experience.  But, to me, most portfolio managers are alike.Funds are obligated to display their largest holdings.  So if you want to see what your fund...

    Fund of Funds

    Definition: This is a mutual fund or hedge fund that invests in other funds rather than in individual securities.Advice: Fund of funds are thought to be attractive because they offer greater diversification and can select the best mutual funds to invest in.However, it's important to realize that you may be paying twice as much in expenses (the individual mutual funds and the fund of funds both likely charge fees).  ...

    Fund Supermarket

    Fund Supermarket? - Any brokerage firm that offers a variety of options for investment in countless mutual funds available from given fund families. These are similar in their function to the local retail supermarkets where one buys groceries. Only in this case the customers are investors seeking to keep their stock acquisitions simple in nature where they can be easily reviewed in one place. By having so many choices in one location the person can save the time needed in dealing with so many different fund families. And they are given the added benefit of receiving with one statement....

    Fund Switching

    Fund Switching - The redistribution of investment capital by selling one group of mutual fund shares and then taking the money to purchase other mutual funds. This normally occurs when an individual elects to alter his or her portfolio because of observed changes in the market that inspire a need for switching. The desire is to improve one?s investments with better returns in their growth by switching to shares that appear to have more potential. Since the sales fees for such transactions are generally very high the option of changing investments has to offer far more benefits than what is...

    Futures

    Definition: A financial instrument that gives the person the obligation to buy or sell a certain amount of a commodity at a certain date.  When people talk about "investing on corn", this is what they're talking about. TeenAnalyst Advice: Futures trading is a high-risk, high-reward form of investing.  Because your money is leveraged, you have the potential to make many times more than you invest.  But you can also lose more than you invest.Futures trading is called "speculation" because the trader is betting on what direction the commodity or index will go.   ...

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    Definition of the Day Income Trust

    Income Trust - It is a type of investment trust, which may have holds in the income-producing assets or replacing it in investment. The income that is produced may be passed on to investors or corporations or the unit holder. Example are of the income trusts are the real estate...

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