Tax Law is divided into both Federal Tax and State Tax.
Tax law pertains to the taxation of income and property gained through personal and professional labors. Aside from income tax, there is sales tax, gift tax, inheritance tax, capital gains tax, property tax, and a number of other tax areas.
The Sixteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1913 and brought the Federal Income tax into law. Although some states do not have a state income tax, all residents and citizens of the United States are eligible to pay federal income tax. The more assets an individual possesses, the more complicated the tax law becomes.
The tax code is made up of tax laws written by Congress. It is the duty of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to interpret the tax code. The IRS is a branch of the U.S. Treasury Department, based in Washington, D.C. A commissioner, appointed by the U.S. President, runs the IRS. Regional commissioners, district directors, and political appointees supervise IRS operations. There are service centers located in Andover, Mass., Atlanta, Austin, Cincinnati, Fresno, Holtsville, Kansas City, Memphis, Ogden and Philadelphia. Each center mails out tax notices, collection notices, audit notices, and tax forms in its region.
Tax law is a broad subject that encompasses a number of related themes, such as general corporate tax, executive compensation, tax litigation, international tax planning, exempt organizations and municipal finance. Its issues and topics include IRS dealings, wills and trusts, bankruptcy, personal income and business law.
It is a tax lawyer's job to represent clients before federal, state and local taxing authorities. They also represent individuals and businesses being audited by the Internal Revenue Service. Tax attorneys can also work with you for concerning U.S. taxation of international transactions, tax-oriented financings, joint ventures, tax-exempt groups, compensation taxes, estates, and gifts.
Tax attorneys advise corporations and high net-worth individuals on a daily basis with respect to all areas of tax law. They keep track of legislative developments and advise clients with respect to the potential impact of pending legislation on their businesses and personal finances. It is their job to appear before federal, state and taxing authorities with their client's issues and needs in mind.
A good tax lawyer and tax attorney possesses exceptional accounting and math skills, outstanding communication skills, both written and oral, and extraordinary analytical and critical thinking skills.